Scylla - this plant belongs to the bulbous flowers from the Asparagus family. About 85 to 90 species of plants growing in the mountains and plains in Asian countries, in a number of countries in Africa and Europe, belong to the genus asparagus. These flowers are characterized by high resistance to frost, Scylla is also distinguished by decorativeness.
Options for using the Scylla in landscape design
Scilla - one of the almost undemanding flowers, blooming either in early spring or autumn. Therefore, these flowers are used to decorate borders, paths in parks, squares, garden plots. These flowers look very beautiful in shady places where the snow has not even completely melted.
Typically, these plants are planted in certain places in huge quantities. Since these flowers bloom equally well both in sunny areas and in the shade, they are planted in near-stem circles of fruit trees and berry bushes. Also spells are used in the design of alpine slides and rockeries. These blue and blue flowers look especially impressive in the neighborhood of snowdrops, crocuses, daffodils and other early flowering plants.
Description of the main species of forest
These flowers are widely used in landscape design and outdoor floriculture. The most popular types of Scylla:
- Siberian spelling;
- Scilla bifolia;
- Hyacinth-shaped spawning;
- Scilla Litardier;
- Bulesha spelling;
- Portuguese portuguese;
- Scilla Mishchenko.
The most popular types of Scylla will be described below.
Scylla: planting and care in the open ground
This species has been known since the 18th century. In nature, plants with blue and white flowers are found. A plant growing with a wide carpet actively propagates. It can occupy vast territories over several seasons. This perennial plant does not require the efforts of gardeners to propagate it.
Based on this species, breeders created varieties with white, pink, and purple flowers. Flowers can be either single or collected in inflorescences of 3 to 4 pieces. These species of spawning trees begin to bloom in early April.
The following species of Siberian forest are found:
- Scylla of Siberia;
- Tubergen is the smallest plant of this family, with very large flowers;
- Bukhara Scylla is found only in the mountains; therefore, it is practically not cultivated in lowland forest park zones.
It is easy enough to grow any of the species of this spanning tree, you should only follow the rules for caring for Siberian spelling.
This type of scilla is stunted, however, it blooms profusely, and its flowers have a pleasant enough strong aroma. The flowers are collected in racemose inflorescences, each of which may have 12 to 15 flowers. The colors of the petals can be pink, white, light or dark blue.
Scylla bell-shaped (spelling hyacinth-shaped)
This type of scilla has a peduncle similar to hyacinth - its height can reach a height of up to 0.7 - 0.8 m. The buds begin to bloom from below, on a single peduncle a huge number of small flowers gradually bloom. In some countries, these flower stalks are used for cutting.
Grape spelling (peruvian scilla)
This variety was first discovered in Portugal. It is characterized by fairly high peduncles (about 0.4 m in height), in one inflorescence, there are from 35 to 10 buds. The flowers are a gentle blue hue, in diameter can be about 2 cm. Karl Linney mistakenly classified this plant as a “Peruvian Scylla”. Varietal sprouts of this species can have the color of the petals white, blue, purple.
Scilla forest-like (Scylla Chinese)
This species is considered to have disappeared from the face of the Earth. According to the description, this bulbous plant was a perennial. The onion is like an egg, its dimensions are up to 4 cm in length., The shells are solid brown in color with a bluish tint. This species of bluebell blossomed in the last decade of July - early August. Seeds ripen in early September. The prolescod spawning breeds only by seeds.
On the territory of our country, this species was found only in several regions of the Primorsky Territory. However, after the second half of the last century in these places the prolescudes were not met. This species grew in some areas of China, on the Korean peninsula and on the islands of Japan.
This species is listed in the Red Book. It is currently grown in our country in a number of Botanical Gardens (in Vladivostok, St. Petersburg).
Growing Scylla in the Garden
Scylla is a perennial bulb flower. Corms in appearance resemble a chicken egg. The foliage is linear, located near the roots, usually appears a little earlier or at the same time as flower buds. Scylla foliage is characterized by the following feature: if the weather is rainy and cold, then the foliage is pressed to the soil. And on sunny days, the leaves of the scilla rise up, as if reaching up to the sun.
This plant has single flowers; their colors can be:
Blueberry seeds ripen in small round-shaped boxes, the color of the seed is black. Many bulb species bloom in early spring. but some species of bluebell bloom in autumn. And although this plant is considered wild, but it is increasingly grown in their garden plots, decorating them with alpine slides, open clearings, and also decorate with flower beds. How to grow this flower on your site?
Scylla is an unpretentious flower, so even a novice gardener can decorate his plot with a whip and look after it. Usually this flower looks very spectacular on an alpine hill, and Scylla is also planted in mixborders, rockeries. In the tree trunk circles of fruit trees, you can also plant a cleft of different colors and admire the multi-colored carpet of its flowers in early April.
Varieties of Scylla
Choosing a place to land
First you need to choose a site for planting these flowers. The soil into which the scilla is planted must contain a large amount of organic matter and minerals (phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen). It is desirable that the soil on the garden plot should be as close as possible to the conditions of sprout growth under natural conditions. To do this, add soil from the forest with a high content of decaying foliage and the bark of forest trees to the soil.
The soil where the scylls will grow should be moist. However, this plant does not tolerate stagnation of moisture in the soil and wetlands. The soil should be slightly alkaline (pH about 6 - 7).
Technology and optimal timing for landing
The woods can be planted in open ground, even with buds and flowers. However, the optimal planting time for these plants is as follows:
- Scylla, blooming in early spring, is planted after their leaves turn yellow - from the second decade of June;
- sprouts blooming in late August, can be planted in the soil 25 to 30 days before the appearance of flower stalks in plants.
Landing holes are located at a distance of 8 - 10 cm from each other. Bulbs are not deeply buried in the soil (no deeper than 5 - 8 cm). The embedment depth depends on the size of the planting material.
Caring for a garden spill
Scylla does not require special care efforts from gardeners. After planting these flowers in a permanent place, they need to be watered regularly, to loosen the soil after watering and to fight weeds.
During watering, you must ensure that drops of moisture do not fall on the buds and flowers - in this case, the scilla loses its decorative effect. To facilitate the work of caring for the forest after irrigation and loosening, the soil should be mulched. In this case, moisture will evaporate less, and weed grass sprouts worse through a layer of mulch. As a mulching material, it is better to take decayed foliage.
It is better to feed a spawning tree just before the beginning of its flowering. Blooming early spring Scyls feed up to blooming buds in early spring. And the autumn-blooming spills in the beginning of autumn and feed. The following elements should be introduced into the composition of top dressing: calcium, iron, copper, magnesium. Some gardeners believe that the sprout growing in the garden does not need additional nutrition, as well as in natural habitats. However, this opinion is erroneous.
A number of species of spawning can breed self-seeding. Therefore, so that these flowers do not grow in those places where other plants will grow, ripe seeds are collected in time from the forest.
For such small-bloomed flowers, the most dangerous diseases are different types of rot (rot of bulbs, gray rot). Also, a scilla can suffer from achenpenhoids.
The first signs of gray rot appear in the form of gray spots on the foliage of the plant, then the same spots appear on the bulbs. Then gray stains of rot appear on these spots and continue to rot. In place of these spots, dense spots appear over time. Scytes infected with rot begin to turn yellow, and then die. Sick flowers immediately destroy. If the bulbs are affected by gray rot during storage, then the damaged areas should be cut, wounds sprinkled with ash.
Pests that are dangerous for these flowers are small rodents (mice, etc.), as well as a meadow root tick.
Breeding and transplanting
Spawning can be propagated with bulbs or seeds. Typically, onions propagate the scilla with a transplant. Transplant this flower to a new place should be no more than once every three years. So that these flowers constantly beautifully bloomed, they should be replanted regularly.
Usually at the end of autumn they dig up bulbs of these flowers, the grown children are separated from them and transplanted to a permanent place. Usually, a similar procedure is carried out within one day, otherwise the bulbs of the sprout may begin to rot.
When growing Scylla from seeds, it is first necessary to collect seed material. This is usually done at the end of June, when the seed boxes begin to turn yellow and crack, they are carefully cut, the seeds released and immediately sown in the prepared flower garden. The seeds of this plant do not have high germination, sprouted seeds will begin to bloom only three to four seasons after the appearance of the first sprouts. But to transplant a scylla grown from seeds, it is necessary only not earlier than after 5 seasons. It is during such a period that these bulbs grow normal bulbs, on which children appear.
How to grow Scylla in the country
Most species of forest species are early flowering plants. They can bloom even when the snow has not completely melted yet. The plant has decorative qualities, is used to decorate garden and park areas in early spring. It can be used for single plantings, as well as in plantings with other early flowering plants.
Some of the species of bluebill have high peduncles, so they are used for cutting.