Climbing plants are a great decoration for a summer cottage. They can decorate the wall of the house, a fence or a gazebo. Even the most unprepossessing territory will sparkle with bright colors, if you use perennial creepers for design in the design.
Lianas for summer cottages: how to use curly perennials and annuals in landscape design
There are 2 species of climbing plants: annual and perennial. Annuals will be pleasing to the eye for one season, shoots are torn out in autumn, and seeds are planted again in spring. Perennial species are frost-resistant, grow in one place for several years. They do not develop as actively as annuals, and often reveal their full beauty only after 2 to 3 years.
Currently, ornamental plants are presented in a wide assortment. The scope of their application is also diverse:
- decoration of vertical surfaces of walls, arbors, verandas, fences;
- creating a bright, beautiful composition in empty places;
- hedge to highlight different zones on the site;
- protection from direct sunlight for shade-loving cultures and in places of rest;
- attraction of pollinating insects in the garden.
Annual creepers often used to decorate new areas. While the territory is not completely landscaped, and the trees and shrubs are low, curly shoots allow you to fill the void and hide unsightly places. To do this, it is enough to install arches or trellises - trellises and put beautiful vines on them.
Annuals are unpretentious in leaving and make it possible to create a new composition every year. Their advantages can also be attributed to the abundance of flowering. By mid-summer, decorative creepers cover the towers with a dense flowering carpet and wither only with the onset of frost.
Of the annual climbing plants, the most popular are: morning glory, sweet peas, climbing kobe, winged tunberg, fiery red beans.
Perennials most often have woody shoots, which require strong supports. In some species, the stem is grassy. Every winter they die, and in the spring they give young shoots.
Perennial ornamental plants do not need to be planted every year, this is their main advantage over annuals. Many of them, in addition to beautiful flowers and foliage, have edible fruits, such as honeysuckle, actinidia, black nightshade, tladianta.
Basically, perennials are planted near the house, on the veranda or near the gazebo. They provide shade, protect from dust, wind, enrich the air with oxygen.
Fast-growing creepers: varieties
Choose perennial creepers for the garden
Depending on what the plant attracts attention to, decorative creepers are divided into 2 types:
- flowering - have particularly prominent colors;
- decorative - deciduous - have beautiful foliage against the background of nondescript flowers.
The best flowering creepers
Large-flowered climbing roses (Climing) are represented by several varieties. They stand out in large flowers ranging in size from 5 to 15 cm, most often they are collected in inflorescences of 5 pieces. The stems are stiff, erect, 3-4 m high. All shoots are blooming, so the climings are considered one of the best plants for decoration. But compared with other varieties, they are less hardy and often freeze out. For the winter, the stems are freed from foliage, twisted and covered with spruce branches, sawdust, foliage. In spring, large shoots are left, whose age is 1 to 4 years, all weak processes are removed. In the country, most often planted are varieties such as elf, don juan, indigoletta, santana, polka.
Clematis number about 300 species. They have a well-developed root system, reach a height of 10 m. Flowers are more often single, in some species they are collected in inflorescences. In large-flowered clematis, flower sizes are about 20 cm. Flowering lasts 3 to 4 months. The most popular varieties: integrifolia, lanuginose, florida, viticella, jacquard, patent.
Campsis - a tree-like liana, which grows up to 15 m. It is fixed on the support with the help of aerial roots. Tubular flowers of orange or reddish hue are collected in paniculate inflorescences. Campsis is a honey plant and blooms all summer. With its help, fences that become invisible under a dense layer of greenery are beautifully decorated. Campsis tolerates winter well. It can often be found in the gardens of the Moscow region.
Wisteria Belongs to the Legume family, its fruits resemble elongated seed pods. Cystic inflorescences reach 30 - 50 cm. Cirrus leaves are located on long stems up to 15 m high. Japanese wisteria is the most spectacular and plentifully flowering. Its inflorescences are larger, white or lilac flowers bloom gradually from the base of the brush. Well adapted to cold winters, tolerates temperatures up to -23 ° C.
Curly Hydrangea attached to the support thanks to aerial roots and suction cups. In height, it can reach 10 m. It blooms with corymbose white inflorescences, in the middle of which are small flowers, and larger along the edges. On mesh supports it develops slowly, it is better to decorate a tree or pillar with it.
Calistegia ivy It has the ability to grow greatly, so it is not grown in flower beds. It is mainly used for decorating walls and arbors. Beautiful pink flowers have a terry form of calistegia. The leaves are oblong, triangular in shape, the stems rise to 2 - 4 m. It forms a fruit in the form of a dry capsule with one seed.
Azarina climbing is a winding vine with tubular flowers, consisting of 5 petals. It has many shades from white to purple. The branched stalk reaches a height of 3 - 5 m. The leaves are velvety, ivy. Abundant flowering lasts from June to September. Azarina is thermophilic, therefore, in open ground it is often grown as an annual.
Honeysuckle Honeysuckle - multi-flowered shrub of the Honeysuckle family. The flowers are located in the axils of the leaves and collected 3 inflorescences, the color is white, cream, yellow, red. The leaves have a dense leathery surface in the shape of an ellipse. The berries are orange - red, decorative, ripen in early August. Shoots encircling the support grow to 5 m.
Dolichos (curly lilac) belongs to the legume family. Grassy stems have a reddish color. In the axils of the leaves collected long racemose inflorescences, consisting of 40 - 50 flowers. The fruits of dolichos also look attractive. They are pods of a rich burgundy or purple hue with white peas inside. Dolichos is a tropical culture and can overwinter only in southern areas with a warm, humid climate.
Passiflora telesvetnaya has large single flowers of white, beige or purple. It reaches 9 m in height. Passiflora fruits can be eaten, they ripen in September and resemble pineapple to taste. It is mainly grown in the humid subtropics of Abkhazia and the Krasnodar Territory.
Vigna Caracalla (snail grapes) is distinguished by unusual flowers twisted in the shape of snails, for which it received a second name. Shoots cling to the support with antennae, reaching a height of 7 m. It blooms from July to September. After flowering, pods with edible beans are tied. For the winter, you can save in the form of young cuttings.
Ornamental climbing plants without flowering
Ivy garden is one of the most common climbing plants. Clings to the surface of walls or supports using aerial roots. It can reach a height of 20 - 30 m. Leaf plates are dense, with a shiny surface. Ivy is unpretentious, grows rapidly in any conditions and does not require special care.
Common hops is a dioecious plant of the hemp family. The stem is hollow, covered with hooked spikes, reaches a length of 6 - 7 m. Heart-shaped leaves are attached to long petioles. It produces inflorescences in the form of cones, which have medicinal properties. The fruits are a flattened nut. Hops love light and moisture. It tolerates low air temperatures.
Girl's Grapes - a large fast-growing vine. It has long climbing branches, studded with delicate reddish leaves, which are collected in a single outlet of 5 pieces. The root system is quite powerful. Actively grows in the sun and in the shade. It is one of the most unpretentious garden plants.
Kuanier grapes (Japanese grape) has large dark green egg-shaped leaf plates, which turn red in the fall. In height, it can reach 20 m. It is fixed on supports with the help of antennae. The fruits are black, distinguished by a bluish coating, astringent in taste. It grows quickly, so it is advisable to adjust the side shoots.
Fortune euonymus - creeping evergreen shrub, which is used as a hedge for landscaping tree trunks and borders. The composition is created by lateral shoots growing up to 3 m. The leaves of the euonymus are leathery, green with a white border around the edge. Fruits are four-divided capsules with seeds, contain a small amount of poisonous alkaloids.
Wood pliers grows very quickly and can reach a height of 18 m. It has long curly shoots and short straight lines. The stems cling to each other and in the upper part can form a crown. The leaf plates are oblong, with a pointed apex, have a bright green color in the summer and a bright yellow color in the fall. The wood pliers have particularly attractive fruits. These are round-shaped boxes, which, when ripe, open and release orange seedlings.
Dewdrop (curly blackberry) is a small shrub with long creeping shoots. It is fixed on trellises and reaches a height of 4 - 5 m. The leaves are triple, with long petioles, with numerous rigid hairs on the underside. Fruits are round, conical in shape, are purple and black, have a pleasant taste, are used for medicinal purposes. Begins to bear fruit a year after planting.
Perennial lianas for Siberia: types and features of care
When choosing perennial plants wintering in the soil, it is necessary to take into account the climatic features of the region. Perennials with a well-developed root system, resistant to low air temperatures, are suitable for the Urals and Siberia.
Prince Siberian - This is a shrubby vine, clinging to a support with leaf petioles. The stems are woody, reaching a height of 3 m. The flowers are large, solitary, similar to a drooping bell.
Prince can grow in the sun and partial shade. Any garden soil is suitable for him. In early summer, you can make half a bucket of humus. In autumn, the aboveground part of the liana dies. The root system is frost-resistant, does not need shelter. Shoots quickly grow back in early spring. Propagated by seeds, cuttings or dividing the bush.
Liana in the garden: landscape tricks
Actinidia colomictus (Amur gooseberry) is a tree-like deciduous liana with thick stems reaching a height of 14 m. The leaves are large, oval, with a pointed end. The flowers are very fragrant, have a white color, hang on long pedicels. Actively attract insects. The fruits are oblong, soft, reminiscent of gooseberries, are distinguished by a high content of vitamin C.
Actinidia loves light, loose soil. You can add sand, compost, a bit of humus to the landing pit. Its roots are actively spreading around, so the distance to neighboring crops should be at least 3 m. Prefers the sun, but also grows in partial shade. Withstands winter frosts down to -40 ° C. Young shoots for the winter must be covered with sawdust or dry leaves. Propagated by layering, cuttings, leaves.
Ekremokarpus (ovoid fruit rough) - climbing plant with original tubular flowers collected in a brush. A distinctive feature is the formation of a large tuber in the soil, from the buds of which young shoots grow up to 3 m long. The leaf plates are complex-ply, with small antennae located at the ends. With their help ekremokarpus clings to the support. The fruits are green in the form of small peppercorns with seeds.
Ovum grows well in loose, nutritious soil. Prefers well-lit places and plentiful watering. Propagated by seeds. Its aerial part dies in late September. Tubers do not withstand severe frosts, therefore, in climatic conditions of Siberia, it is recommended to grow Ekremokarpus in containers. For the winter they are cleaned in the basement.
Aristolochia Manchu (kirkazon) - deciduous woody liana, reaching 15 - 20 m. The flowers have an original shape resembling a curved tube. The leaves are large, heart-shaped, strictly symmetrical. The fruits are large, cylindrical, resembling a cucumber in appearance. Kirkazon is often used in mixed compositions to decorate arbors, pergolas, arches.
He loves moist, fertile soil. Needs frequent watering. It grows well in partial shade. Propagated by layering, cuttings, seeds. In the midland, adult plants can winter in the open ground, young shoots are covered with dry leaves or sawdust.
Schisandra chinensis - ligneous shrub with wrinkled brown bark. The leaf plates are elliptical with a wedge-shaped base. The flowers are small, collected in a racemose inflorescence. Edible fruits, collected in a spike brush, are used for medicinal purposes.
Schisandra prefers good lighting. He does not like drafts, so it is recommended to grow it near buildings. Very picky about soil moisture and atmosphere. In extreme heat, additional spraying with warm water is necessary. Propagated by layering, seeds. Resistant to low air temperatures. For the winter shoots are removed from the supports, covered with dry leaves.
Popular annual decorative creepers
Morning glory - luxurious liana with numerous funnel-shaped flowers. It grows very quickly and reaches a height of up to 4 m. It clings to the support with the help of numerous antennae. Leaf plates are heart-shaped. The fruits are presented in the form of a spherical box. For decorative purposes, about 25 species of morning glory are used.
Kobeya climbing - A fast-growing shrub with flexible shoots. It has large bell-shaped flowers. The leaves are heart-shaped, consist of 3 lobes with antennae at the ends, with which the plant is fixed on supports. The stems reach a height of 6 m. The genus of kobeys has 9 species.
Sweet pea - unpretentious garden culture used for decorative landscaping. Numerous inflorescences have a bright color and a pleasant aroma. The root system is well developed. It can reach 3 m in height. About 1,000 varieties are currently known.
Three-color bindweed different abundance of flowering and greenery. The leaf plates are oval, bright green in color. Funnel-shaped flowers with wavy edges are located in the axils of the leaves. There are about 150 species of bindweed.
How to care for climbing plants
Winged tunbergia (Black-eyed Suzanne) has bright large flowers on long pedicels, collected in inflorescences. Egg-shaped leaves with serrations along the edge. It can reach 6 m in height. In the open field is grown as an annual. About 200 plant species are known.
Decorative curly creepers are very popular among summer residents.With their help, you can create unusual compositions that will delight and delight you with their beauty throughout the summer season.