The genus Guzmania (Guzmania) includes more than a hundred species. This unusual plant lives about a couple of years before the active flowering phase, and about six months after flowering. Correct and timely transplantation of guzmania grown at home is one of the most responsible and important measures for caring for an exotic plant, aimed at preserving decorativeness and obtaining abundant and long flowering.
How to transplant guzmania after purchase
Like any plant, it is advisable to transplant guzmania after purchase. Many amateur gardeners try for the first and only time to transplant any type of guzmania immediately after acquisition. As a rule, floriculture firms and shops sell already flowering guzmania, so after about six months, the apical part of the plant will dry out and the flower will die.
To get long and plentiful flowering, as well as high-quality planting material in the form of children, you must carefully remove the plant from the transport soil and transplant it into a new planting container filled with nutritious soil substrate. It is best to transplant the acquired decorative culture into the purchased nutrient ground for growing bromeliads. You can prepare the nutrient mixture yourself by mixing equal parts of soddy soil, coarse sand, crushed sphagnum moss and peat chips.
Planting kids at home
Guzmania or gusmania is a fairly popular annual plant from the bromeliad family. The propagation of decorative culture is carried out by separating the newly formed lateral processes of the children remaining after the death of the parent plant, as well as by the seed method. The first option in the conditions of indoor floriculture has become the most popular and is carried out in accordance with the following technology:
- the lateral process is formed at the stage of the flowering period of the parent plant and over time is converted into a separate, full-fledged plant;
- after the shoot reaches a height of 14-16 cm, it can be separated and planted in a separate flower pot;
- well-developed children-processes of guzmania have three to four leaves and have a fairly well-formed root system.
How to transplant guzmania
In some cases, the parent plant does not die after the process of formation, but develops further and forms new processes. As a rule, after flowering, indoor guzmania fades and the flower stalk needs to be removed, which allows not only to form, but also grow up to children. To stimulate growth processes, it is advisable to install an indoor plant in shading and stop irrigation activities. Most often, in such conditions, the process of forming a full-fledged process takes about three months. It is strictly forbidden to carry out the separation and transplantation of children who have not formed the root system.
Transplant children to a permanent place in separate flower pots, preferably in the spring, which will allow the young plant to adapt to a new growing place as soon as possible. Guzmania can also be grown with seeds that need to be disinfected in a pink solution of potassium permanganate, slightly dried to a friable state and sown on the surface of a previously prepared soil substrate.
Rules for choosing a pot and soil for transplanting guzmania
The soil mixture for growing an ornamental culture of this species should be quite specific, which is due to the peculiarities of the growth of guzmania in natural conditions. In their homeland, this crop is not used for food, but old plant wood. In indoor floriculture, guzmania can be planted in ready-made soils intended for growing bromeliad crops.
Soil sold by flower shops for growing orchids is also great. Experienced gardeners and experts in the field of cultivation of exotic plants recommend adding pine needles and chopped charcoal to the finished soil substrate based on peat, sphagnum moss, pieces of wood bark and loose sheet soil, which will improve soil friability and also make it as light and optimally suitable for bromeliads.
How to separate kids of guzmania
With the independent preparation of the soil mixture for growing guzmania, you can mix three parts of leafy soil, one part of pine bark and one part of medium-grained river sand. Before planting a plant, it is required to decontaminate the soil mixture with a high temperature regime in the oven.
Do not use too large and voluminous landing tanks for transplanting and planting decorative indoor culture. The flower pot should correspond in size to the relatively small and superficially located root system of guzmania. It is best to grow a shallow flower pot of medium volume for growing. The main condition for proper transplantation is to create a good drainage layer in the landing tank and the presence of high-quality drainage holes. Only in this case, it is possible to prevent stagnation of moisture in the soil and rid the decorative culture of rotting of the roots.
Guzmania transplant technology
As a rule, adult plants die after flowering and do not need a transplant, but to plant or transplant the shoots of decorative culture is recommended very carefully, according to the following technology:
- gently release the root system of the planted shoot or young ornamental plant;
- lay the extracted plant on a dry surface for about an hour;
- treat the roots of the transplanted culture rooting stimulant, which can be used as "Kornevin" or "Heteroauxin";
- pour a drainage layer into the flower pot, the volume of which should be about a third of the landing capacity;
- fill up the dais from fertile soil and establish a young outlet of decorative indoor culture;
- sprinkle very carefully the roots of a young plant with a pre-prepared nutrient soil substrate to the level of the root neck of the plant.
How to care for guzmania
It is very important to remember that the root system of guzmania of any kind is very fragile, therefore it is absolutely impossible to ram the soil in a flower pot. After planting, abundant watering is carried out, and, if necessary, the filling of nutrient soil. Watering the planted plant is carried out in a leaf outlet with standing water at room temperature with the addition of a few drops of "Kornevin." Further care of the plant consists in watering, fertilizing, as well as carrying out preventive measures.