Recently, more and more vegetable growers when planting peppers are guided by the lunar calendar. But besides him, one must take into account the fact that the optimal seedling age at the time of planting in the soil in early varieties should be 60 days, in late-ripening - 70-75. If you choose the right sowing date in March, then the first crop can already be harvested in July.
Favorable days for planting pepper on the lunar calendar in 2018
According to the lunar calendar, the best days for sowing pepper in March 2018 will be 3, 4, 12, 14,20, 30, 31. Moon phases can have a strong effect on plant growth and development.. Therefore, experienced vegetable growers are guided by it when calculating the sowing date.
Given that the optimal seedling age should be 60 days and the fact that in most regions of Russia the time for planting in open ground is May 25, it is easy to calculate the approximate sowing date, which will be at the end of March. Having coordinated it with favorable days in the lunar calendar, we get that it is best to sow pepper for seedlings for open ground on March 20, 30 and 31.
For pepper cultivation, which is planned in the greenhouse, the timing will be slightly different. If the greenhouse is not heated, then seedlings can be planted in it in early May. Knowing this, it is now easy to calculate the sowing dates. They will fall on the first of March. Thus, the favorable days on the lunar calendar will be March 3 and 4.
How to plant pepper for seedlings
Pepper seeds are prepared in advance for sowing. Their percentage of germination is significantly reduced after 2 years of storage, so when buying, preference should be given to fresh seeds. Now very often the manufacturer is packing up seed material that has already been pre-treated with fungicides. Then on the packaging you can find a note that the seeds are processed. The most commonly used fungicide is Tiram. But you can also carry out independent preparation of seeds for sowing.
Depending on the purpose, all methods of presowing seed treatment can be divided into several main categories:
- aimed at identifying empty and non-germinating seeds;
- used for disinfecting seed;
- stimulating friendly and rapid germination.
The very first thing to do when preparing seed material for sowing is calibrate it, which will help to identify small and deformed seeds that are unable to give friendly and healthy seedlings. Most often, this method is used only in the case of independent procurement of seeds, since almost all manufacturers pack up already calibrated seed material.
To perform it at home, seeds are scattered on paper and all small and deformed specimens are discarded. This can also be done with a strong saline solution, into which the seed material is poured. In this case, all empty and unripe seeds pop up.
To disinfect seeds at home, gardeners very often use potassium permanganate. For this, a solution of a saturated pink color is prepared from it and the seeds are lowered into it for 25 minutes.
Also, for disinfection, you can use ready-made fungicidal preparations.
Germination stimulant treatment
Very often, to stimulate a friendly and rapid germination, the seeds are treated with various stimulating drugs. For these purposes, you can use drugs such as Epin, Zircon or Rostock.
You can also soak the seed in a trace element solution, for example, humate gives a good result.
One of the effective presowing treatment methods is sparging. It can be used instead of soaking and germination. At its core, it is the treatment of seeds with oxygen in water.
Its essence is as follows. Seeds are poured into a container of water at room temperature, to the bottom of which an aquarium compressor sinks. The whole process lasts from 24 to 36 hours. After that, the seeds are scattered on paper and dried a little after which you can start sowing.
How is sowing carried out
For sowing pepper, you should prepare a loose and nutritious soil. It can be made independently from equal parts of sand, humus and sod land, or you can use purchased, intended for growing seedlings. If the soil is homemade, then before planting it must be decontaminated. To do this, it is shed with boiling water or a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate.
Peat tablets can also be used to grow seedlings.. To do this, they are pre-soaked until they completely swell, and then they are made into a landing container. The use of peat tablets avoids such a time-consuming process as picking.
Seeds are carefully laid out on pre-moistened soil in even rows, the distance between which should be about 5 cm. Then they are covered with 1 cm of a layer of substrate, the surface of which needs to be slightly compacted. After that, the sowing tank is poured with warm water and covered with a plastic bag that will create the effect of a greenhouse.
After 7-10 days, the first sprouts will begin to appear. After that, the crops are placed in a well-lit place. Water them as necessary with warm water. At this point, it is very important not to allow the soil to dry out. This will adversely affect the future growth of young plants.
Also, pepper seedlings are very sensitive to a lack of lighting, so when growing it makes sense to use additional illumination from fluorescent lamps or special fitolamps.
Important! Very good effect gives melt snow water. It is softer compared to tap water, and therefore, white calcareous deposits do not form on the surface of the soil.
They start picking after a second pair of true leaves appears on young plants. Usually by this time the sowing capacity is already completely occupied by the roots and the crops begin to experience nutritional deficiencies. If you are late with a pick, then the seedlings will stretch and weaken.
During transplantation, it is important to damage the sensitive root system as little as possible. To do this, the crops are preliminarily well shed and the plants are carefully removed one by one.
When picking, seedlings need to be buried no more than half a centimeterand squeeze the soil around the stem a little. After all the plants are in a new place, the plants are watered and, if necessary, they fill up the settled soil.
In the first few days after a dive, plants should be protected from direct sunlight. After two weeks, stronger seedlings can be fed.
Seedlings are planted in a permanent place after 7-8 leaves grow on it, and the first buds appear in the center of the bushes. To do this, the day before, it is well watered.
For planting, it is best to choose a cloudy day. The place for planting pepper is chosen sunny; you can place this culture next to the eggplant. They have similar power requirements and light levels.
You can plant pepper both in rows and in separate holes. It all depends on the preferences and capabilities of each individual gardener.
Pepper: planting seedlings in open ground
During planting, each plant, together with a lump of earth, is transferred to a permanent place, after which its root system is covered with earth, which is then crimped around the stem. At the end of planting, all beds are well watered. Also, to speed up the survival process, pepper plantings can be covered with non-woven material. For example, Agrospan, Agril or the like.